word 'Gurmukhi' literally means from the mouth of the Guru. It's thirty five
characters and vowel modifiers were standardised by Guru Angad Dev Ji. Rather
than use the Hindu scripts such as Sanskrit, Guru Angad Dev chose to make a
new script for the Sikhs. Sanskrit was only restricted to the priestly Hindu
class, but the Gurus did not believe in this elitism. Guru Angad Dev spent his
lifetime teaching the Gurmukhi script to the common people of Punjab. Gurmukhi
is not only used by Sikhs but by Hindus as well as Muslims living in Punjab
to represet their common spoken language, Punjabi.
Sikhs are expected to make an effort at learning the Gurmukhi script and teaching
it to their children in order to read the Guru Granth Sahib in its original
Gurmukhi has 35 letters as well as nine vowel modifiers. In addition there are
five special sound modifiers symbols. A vertical bar is used to indicate the
end of a sentences. Two vertical bars indicate a longer pause between sentences
In order to view the Gurmukhi
letters you must download the following font.
here to download
to view the gurmukhi letters.
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